Skin cancer is a serious and fatal condition if left untreated. This cancer is common in people belonging to the Anglo Saxon background and the highest prevalence of it has been eminent in the Australian population.  Regular screening tests by SunDoctors Australia at skin cancer clinics Central coast, for the early detection of this cancer, is very important as it can be of great help during treatment for almost complete cure. 

What Are The Different Types Of Skin Cancer? 

There are 3 different types of skin cancer; Melanoma, BCC (basal cell carcinoma), and SCC(squamous cell carcinoma ). Basal cell carcinoma (BCC), is the most common and is mainly found in the upper body and face. These are lifted bumps which are pearl-like and if detected early can be treated easily with a topical cream. 

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), appears mainly on the sun-exposed areas and appears red, flaky, and raised nodules which tend to bleed. This type of cancer easily spreads to other organs. Smoking is another causative factor for this cancer. 

Melanoma is rarer but more fatal. These appear as moles which grow in size or change colour, shape, or texture. Surgical excision is needed to remove these moles followed by therapy for a finished cure if detected early. 

Screening Tests 

Skin cancer affects all age groups and some are at higher risk for developing this cancer such as those belonging to definite ethnic groups like Anglo Celtic and Anglo Saxon, people with fair complexion or with prior sunburn. People who play summer sports or work out in the sun are also at high risk. 

It is necessary to get a screening test conducted at a hospital or clinic having experienced doctors who have taken extensive training in the detection and treatment of skin cancers. The doctor will perform a thorough physical examination along with a detailed history. 

Latest screening equipment called the MoleMax HD system analyzes any suspicious moles on the patient’s body. Dermoscopy images are captured if any mole looks biopsies and suspicious are done and sent for pathology studies to find out skin cancer. A complete figure mapping is done to utilize this advanced automation so that no suspicious or mole area is missed.

 This test is conducted for medium and high-risk patients and the high quality of standards are maintained to ensure minimum detection error. Besides moles, skin lesions like lumps and bumps are also examined minutely. Keratosis or sunspots are also seen in Australians who belong to the Anglo Celtic ethnic group and if untreated, these spots may develop into squamous cell carcinoma. 

Treatment Options: 

If any mole on the skin is found to be positive for melanoma, then the patient has to report to the doctor. The most common method is excision of the mole which has given a positive result for skin cancer in the studies. Solar keratoses are treated using various methods like topical therapy, cryotherapy, photodynamic or cautery and curettage therapy. 

Conclusion 

So if you find any abnormal growth on your skin then immediately consult a dermatologist for the diagnosis and treatment. Your awareness can save your life.